搜索 解放军报

Japan drifts farther away from peace by developing super Aegis warship

打造“超级宙斯盾”战舰,日本愈发背离和平主义

来源:China Military Online责任编辑:Wang Xinjuan
2023-01-19 23:31

海镜

By Hai Jing

近日,日本政府在内阁会议上通过2023财年政府预算草案,其中防卫预算大幅增加,达6.8万亿日元,是上一财年的1.26倍。与此同时,日本首次公开其“超级宙斯盾”驱逐舰的设计草图。按照计划,日本将建造2艘该型战舰,并于2028年全部交付海上自卫队。

The Japanese government recently passed the budget for the fiscal year of 2023 at a cabinet meeting, in which the defense budget has increased by 1.26 times from the previous fiscal year to 6.8 trillion Japanese yen. The country also debuted its sketch design of the super Aegis-equipped destroyers. According to the plan, Japan will build two such warships and deliver them to the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) in 2028.

根据相关报道,该型战舰虽名为驱逐舰,排水量却超过2万吨,2028年按期服役后,日本海上自卫队所拥有“宙斯盾”战舰的数量和质量,甚至将超过当前驻扎在日本的美海军第七舰队。当下,日本企图打造世界上排水量最大的“宙斯盾”战舰究竟意欲何为?

It is reported that despite being labeled as a destroyer, the vessel has a displacement of more than 20,000 tons. After it is commissioned in 2028, the JMSDF will have more and better-quality Aegis warships than the US Navy’s seventh fleet currently stationed in Japan. What’s Japan up to by making Aegis warships with the largest displacement in the world?

从目前公开的信息来看,这款“超级宙斯盾”驱逐舰的性能远超日本所有现役“宙斯盾”驱逐舰,其侦、攻、防能力堪称全面、新锐,且升级空间较大。

Current information in the public domain shows that the planned Aegis warship is of far better performance than Japan’s other Aegis destroyers currently in service, with all-round cutting-edge capabilities in reconnaissance, offense, and defense and plenty of room for upgrade.

首先,态势感知能力较为突出。由于舰体较大、自持力强,特别是电力供应较充足,该型战舰将配备原本为陆基“宙斯盾”反导系统设计的SPY-7大型雷达。这款由美国洛克希德•马丁公司研发的相控阵雷达,不仅可以及时发现并稳定跟踪来袭的弹道导弹乃至高超声速飞行器,还能根据任务需求及时调整雷达子阵,达到不同的探测效果。凭借这款大型相控阵雷达,“超级宙斯盾”驱逐舰平时可以监视对手的导弹发射训练或试验,战时则可胜任海上编队的指挥舰。

First of all, the vessel has prominent situational awareness capability. Given its large body, strong self-supply capability, and ample power supply, the super destroy will be fitted with the SPY-7 large radar originally designed for the land-based Aegis anti-missile system. This phased array radar developed by American company Lockheed Martin is able to timely detect and steadily track incoming ballistic missiles or even hypersonic aircraft, and also achieve different detecting effects based on specific missions by adjusting the subarrays. This large phased array radar will enable the super destroyer to monitor the rival’s missile launch training or test in peacetime while acting as the commanding ship of a taskforce in wartime.

其次,防御和打击能力较为均衡。表面上看,该型战舰只有80个垂直发射单元,比起日本海上自卫队现役最强的摩耶级“宙斯盾”驱逐舰的96个垂直发射单元,数量上有“退步”。然而,“超级宙斯盾”驱逐舰将采用尺寸更大、威力更强的发射装置和配套导弹。

Second, the vessel is balanced in defensive and offensive capabilities. At first sight, it has only 80 vertical launching units, less than the 96 ones onboard JMSDF’s currently most powerful Maya-class Aegis destroyer, but the new version will adopt larger and mightier launchers and missiles.

此外,日本还打算将自己正在研发的几款新型导弹搬上“超级宙斯盾”驱逐舰,如射程超过1000公里、采用隐身设计的“12式岸舰导弹”的增程型号,以及射程超过3000公里的高超声速巡航导弹等。根据披露的信息,该型战舰还为加装激光武器、电磁炮等新一代“颠覆性”武器预留了空间。

Japan is also planning on installing several new missiles that it’s developing right now on the super destroyer, including the type-12 shore-to-ship missile (extended range) with a range of more than 1,000km and stealth design, and the hypersonic cruise missile with a range of over 3,000km. It’s also learnt that the destroyer has reserved space for laser weapons, electromagnetic guns, and other new-generation subversive weapons.

将这些先进的武器系统集中堆砌在“超级宙斯盾”驱逐舰上,日本可谓用意颇深。这不仅有助实现其梦寐以求的“打击它国军事基地及指挥机构”的进攻性军事能力,也将显著增强其海、陆、空打击平台联合实施突袭的能力。

Japan has several reasons for piling all these advanced weapon systems on the super destroyer – this will help it acquire the aggressive capabilities of attacking the military bases and commanding units of other countries, something it has dreamed of for a long time, and will also significantly augment the capability of its maritime, land and air platforms to carry out strikes in coordination.

毫无疑问,这款新型军舰是日本右翼政治势力背离和平主义、悍然加速扩充军备的例证,也是日本充当美国推行“大国竞争”战略“马前卒”的最新体现。日本强化军事力量、谋求突破和平宪法的一系列举动,将对地区安全构成严重威胁和挑战,必将引发本地区国家的坚决反对。日美勾连的所作所为同亚太地区和平发展、合作共赢的时代潮流背道而驰,必定遭到地区各国人民的唾弃。

There is no doubt that the new military vessel is a case in point of how Japan’s right-wing political forces have drifted farther away from pacifist and blatantly accelerated the military buildup, and also the latest manifestation of Japan being a pawn in pushing America’s major-country competition strategy. The series of steps it has taken to fortify its military strengths and break away from the pacifist constitution will pose a serious threat and challenge to regional security and will arouse steadfast opposition from regional countries. The Japan-US collusion goes counter to the trend of peaceful development and win-win cooperation in the Asia Pacific and will be condemned by the people living in the region.

轻触这里,加载下一页